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CWGC nieuwsbrief: A-Z of countries 
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Pieter F

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Bericht CWGC nieuwsbrief: A-Z of countries
Ik wil deze rubriek in de CWGC nieuwsbrief hier nog eens extra onder de aandacht brengen van degenen die geabonneerd zijn op deze nieuwsbrief, en vooral van degenen die dit nog niet zijn.

In deze rubriek wordt op volgorde van het alfabet steeds een land uitgelicht waar zich oorlogsgraven van het Gemenebest bevinden. Nadat men in 26 maanden door het alfabet heen was, spoelden de verzoeken binnen om door te gaan met de rubriek en het alfabet te blijven herhalen. Men is nu in februari 2012 voor de tweede maal bij de E aangekomen. Het zijn korte, maar zeker interessante stukjes.

Abonneren op de nieuwsbrief kan HIER.

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zo feb 12, 2012 3:25 pm
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Pieter F

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Bericht Re: CWGC nieuwsbrief: A-Z of countries
Deze maand is er in de nieuwsbrief aandacht voor de Falkland eilanden.

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do maart 01, 2012 7:59 pm
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Pieter F

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Bericht Re: CWGC nieuwsbrief: A-Z of countries
In de nieuwsbrief van April 2012: Gibraltar.

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zo apr 01, 2012 9:54 am
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Pieter F

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In de nieuwsbrief van mei 2012: Honduras.

The Commission has a commitment in 153 countries across the world, with no commemoration task too small.

Nowhere is this more true, than in Honduras, where our task centres around the commemoration of a single Second World War casualty, Royal Navy sailor Dennis Bradley.

Stoker Bradley, of H.M.S. Padstow, died on 9 September 1946, aged 18, and is buried in Tela New Cemetery in the Republic of Honduras.


Afbeelding

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di mei 01, 2012 9:57 am
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Pieter F

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Bericht Re: CWGC nieuwsbrief: A-Z of countries
In de nieuwsbrief van juni 2012: India:

Over 62,000 Commonwealth war dead of the two world wars, and seventy-seven of other nationalities, are buried or commemorated by the Commission in India – in nine war cemeteries and twelve other sites.

Of the war dead, over 51,000 who have no known graves, or whose graves elsewhere in India could not be permanently maintained, are commemorated on ten memorials.

Casualties from the 1914-18 War in India, apart from those who died on the North-West Frontier, were mainly garrison deaths.

During the 1939-45 War cemeteries for hospitals and the lines of communication were established at Ranchi, Kirkee, Madras, Digboi and Gauhati, and for the battlefields at Imphal and Kohima.

The majority of Hindus and Sikhs are commemorated on special cremation memorials erected in many of the war cemeteries while the graves of those of the Muslim faith are marked by headstones.

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vr jun 01, 2012 3:40 pm
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Pieter F

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In de nieuwsbrief van juli 2012: Irak:

Spoilt for choice when it comes to the letter 'I', we decided to visit the Commission's committment at this point in the alphabet for a second time.

Our Commitment
Just over 54,000 Commonwealth war dead of the two world wars and some 700 of other nationalities are buried or commemorated in eleven sites in the Republic of Iraq. Of the war dead, some 41,000 who have no known grave or whose graves could not be maintained are commemorated on four memorials. The Commission also cares for nearly 1,200 non-world war graves as an agency service, some 600 on behalf of the United Kingdom Ministry of Defence and some 700 on behalf of cemetery committees.

Historical note
1914-18 The dead are mainly from the campaign against the Turks, starting at Basra in November 1914 and ending with the occupation of Mosul on 4 November 1918.
1939-45 The casualties arose during the operations in 1941 to expel Raschid Ali's pro-Axis government and during the subsequent occupation of Iraq by what became known as Paiforce; this had the task of ensuring the flow of supplies to the Soviet Union via Iran.

Current Situation
The maintenance of the war cemeteries and memorials became difficult with the onset of the Iran-Iraq war in the 1980’s and when, after the 1990 Gulf War, it was no longer possible to employ staff regular routine maintenance of the cemeteries was interrupted.
The effects of the wars, sanctions and the current security situation have left all of the cemeteries in need of considerable attention.
Some work has been carried out at Baghdad (North Gate) War Cemetery, which has been cleared of undergrowth and in the south at Amara and Basra there has been some general tidying, maintenance and boundary definition with the assistance of coalition forces. There is twenty-four hour watchman’s surveillance at Baghdad (North Gate) War Cemetery and the Commissions representative is able to visit a number of sites on a regular basis.

It is the Commission’s intention to carry out a programme of renovation in Iraq, which is expected to take at least five years to complete, but the Commission is reluctant to commence work until there is evidence of a sustained improvement in the situation.
It is also the view that the needs of the local people must come first and the renovation programme will proceed in pace with the improvements to the living conditions of the citizens of Iraq. The situation is under constant review.
Until it is possible to commence the programme of renovation a roll of honour for all those buried and commemorated in Iraq (including those commemorated by the Basra Memorial) has been compiled and is on display at the Commission’s Head Office in Maidenhead.

Basra Memorial
The Memorial commemorates 40,676 1914-18 casualties whose graves are not known, of which over 33,000 are from undivided India.
It takes the form of slate panels mounted within a roofed colonnaded open building some 80 metres in length with a central obelisk 16 metres high. It was located within an Iraqi naval base in Basra but enquiries by Commission visitors in August 1997 revealed that some months earlier it had been dismantled brick by brick and reassembled in a spot just off a desert road some 36 km north-west of Basra. The work was not to a high standard. Erosion and war have taken their toll.

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zo jul 01, 2012 10:48 am
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Barry

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Bericht Re: CWGC nieuwsbrief: A-Z of countries
Basra ziet er inderdaad niet goed uit:
- https://twitter.com/3468marsh/status/21 ... 88/photo/1
- https://twitter.com/3468marsh/status/21 ... 65/photo/1
- https://twitter.com/3468marsh/status/21 ... 00/photo/1

Is natuurlijk wel WWI.

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zo jul 01, 2012 12:23 pm
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Pieter F

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Bericht Re: CWGC nieuwsbrief: A-Z of countries
In de nieuwsbrief van augustus 2012: Jamaica:

Our Commitment in Jamaica

More than 230 Commonwealth casualties of the two world wars are buried or commemorated in eight locations in Jamaica – along with war dead of 23 other nationalities. Most of the Commonwealth Casualties are buried or commemorated at Kingston (Up Park Camp) Military Cemetery. Eighty graves lie in locations scattered elsewhere in the country, but as they could not be satisfactorily maintained, the eighty casulaties are officially commemorated on one of three memorials in Jamaica.

Historical note
During the 1914-18 War, military hospitals were established at Up Park Camp, Bumper Hall and Port Royal and an internment camp was set up at Swallowfield. Most of the casualties of the two world wars died during garrison and training duties. However, some casualties of the 1939-45 War died in U-boat attacks on shipping and in naval and air operations against the U-boats.
Kingston (Up Park Camp) Military Cemetery contains the Kingston (Up Park Camp) Memorial, commemorating men and women of the Commonwealth forces and the Merchant Navy, who were lost in the Second World War and have no known grave.
Also within the cemetery, taking the form of screen walls, are the Kingston (Up Park Camp) Memorials Nos. 1 and 2 and the Kingston (May Pen) Memorial which commemorates servicemen who are buried in cemeteries or on private property in Jamaica, but whose graves have become impossible to maintain.
The Kingston (May Pen) Memorial was in May Pen Cemetery, a municipal site, which – situated in a remote area – had fallen into a poor condition and had become impossible to maintain. Authority has been given to relocate this memorial to Kingston (Up Park Camp) Military Cemetery.

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vr aug 10, 2012 8:46 pm
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In de nieuwsbrief van september 2012: Liberia:

Our Commitment in Liberia
Twelve Commonwealth war dead from the Second World War are commemorated in the Republic of Liberia at two sites.
Cavalla Plantation Cemetery, Maryland County, contains the grave of one Royal Navy sailor and, Du Plantation Cemetery, Harbel, contains the graves of ten airmen (one Royal Air Force and nine South African Air Force) and one soldier (Royal Irish Fusiliers).
Du Plantation Cemetery is situated within a rubber plantation owned by the Firestone Plantation Company, whilst Cavalla Plantation Cemetery is found within the Cavalla Plantation, owned by the Liberian Government.

Historical note
During the 1939-45 War Liberia became a staging point for aircraft arriving from Ascension Island en route from the United States to the Middle East, the landing grounds there having been constructed by American engineers.
The South African casualties died in an air crash on 3 February 1944.

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zo sep 02, 2012 2:58 pm
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In de nieuwsbrief van oktober 2012: Maleisië:

Our Commitment
Over 4,600 Commonwealth war dead of the two world wars are buried or commemorated in Malaysia, in fourteen sites. The largest concentration of burials can be found in Taiping War Cemetery and Labuan War Cemetery.
The Labuan Memorial in Labuan War Cemetery commemorates nearly 2,300 war dead who have no known graves, though some of those commemorated may lie in the war cemeteries as unidentified burials.
Kuala Lumpur (Cheras Road) Civil Cemetery contains 533 non-world war graves, mostly of servicemen and their dependants who died during the Malayan Emergency in the early 1950s. These graves are maintained by the Commission on an agency basis.

Historical note
Peninsular Malaysia
Kuala Lumpur (Cheras Road) Civil Cemetery contains the graves of those who died in the temporary Japanese prisoner of war camp in Pudu. Taiping War Cemetery, on the line of retreat at the time of the Japanese invasion, was created by the British Army after the war for the burial of remains transferred from graves in the battlefields and temporary burial grounds.

Sabah
Labuan War Cemetery, Labuan Island, contains the graves of those who died either during the Japanese advance between December 1941 and April 1942 or in subsequent captivity. It also contains the graves of many who died during the Forced March to Ranau in February 1945, ordered by the Japanese before the Allied landings. Other graves are of those who died during the operations for the recovery of Borneo in 1945.
The Kinabalu, or Kundasan Ranau Memorial, commemorates the Forced March, and is situated some 100 kilometres from Kota Kinabalu. The Memorial, which is not one of the Commission's, was erected with money donated by private subscription and by the governments of Malaysia (Sabah) and Australia in 1965. It is maintained by the local authorities.
The land occupied by Taiping War Cemetery was granted to the Commission in perpetuity by the Ruler of the State of Perak.
The Commission employs locally engaged staff to maintain the principal sites at Taiping, Kuala Lumpur and Labuan, and The British High Commission provides valuable assistance with many matters including the payment of the staff at Kuala Lumpur (Cheras Road) Civil Cemetery and the customs clearance of stores required for maintenance.

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ma okt 01, 2012 8:40 pm
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In de nieuwsbrief van november 2012: Nieuw-Caledonië:

Our Commitment
Nearly 700 Commonwealth war dead of the Second World War are buried or commemorated in New Caledonia, in Bourail New Zealand War Cemetery. The cemetery contains over 240 graves, the majority of which were concentrated into the cemetery from fourteen other islands in the South Pacific area, as well as from other places in New Caledonia.

The Bourail Memorial, also within the cemetery, commemorates almost 450 casualties of the New Zealand land and air forces, who died in the South Pacific and have no known grave.

Members of the Royal New Zealand Navy who were lost or buried at sea are commemorated on the Royal New Zealand Naval Memorial at Devonport, Auckland, New Zealand.

Historical note
During the 1939-45 War, New Caledonia became a training ground for jungle, and island warfare and was used by the New Zealand forces in the South Pacific area, in preparation for the campaign in the Solomon Islands. The Headquarters of the South Pacific Command was established at Noumea, the capital, which, with its well protected harbour, became the principal United States base for the campaign in the Solomons, and the largest forward Allied military and supply base in the South Pacific.

The town of Bourail was selected as the Headquarters of the 3rd New Zealand Division, which began to arrive in New Caledonia towards the end of 1942. Brigade Headquarters and staging camps were disposed along the main arterial road on the western side of the island, where the principal defences were concentrated. Airfields were also built to link New Caledonia with the battle zone and bases in Australia, New Zealand, Fiji, and elsewhere in the Pacific.

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do nov 01, 2012 5:54 pm
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In de nieuwsbrief van december 2012: Peru:

Our Commitment
Six British war dead from the two world wars are buried in Bellavista Old British Cemetery, Callao, in the Republic of Peru. Four are casualties of the First World War and two are casualties of the Second World War. There are also a number of non-world war naval graves in the cemetery for which the Commission is not responsible.

Historical note
The casualties, five from the Royal Navy and one Royal Marine, died of illness or as a result of accidents.

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di dec 04, 2012 8:19 pm
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In de nieuwsbrief van januari 2013: Servië:

Our Commitment
Nearly 500 Commonwealth war dead of the two world wars are commemorated in three sites in Serbia. The Commission also maintains 18 foreign war graves and 11 non-world war graves.

Historical Note
The majority of the 1914 – 18 war graves in Serbia belong to servicemen who died of influenza after the Armistice with Bulgaria.
Most of the 1939 –45 casualties are airmen who died on operations or soldiers who died after escaping as prisoners of war from Italy and Greece. The Second World War casualties were brought into Belgrade War Cemetery from more than sixty small burial grounds and isolated sites all over Yugoslavia where permanent maintenance could not be assured. The largest number came from Milna Military Cemetery and the Royal Naval and Harbour Cemeteries on the island of Vis (Lissa), which was a British base.

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wo jan 02, 2013 12:41 pm
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In de nieuwsbrief van februari 2013: Oekraine:

Our Commitment
Our commitment in Ukraine revolves around two individual burials, in two separate cemeteries.

Khmelnitsky Catholic Cemetery
Lieutenant V.L. Edwards RNVR , who died in August 1917, is buried in Khmelnitsky Catholic Cemetery. Edwards served with the Royal Naval Air Service (RNAS) Armoured Car Division and died from exposure during a retreat.
Khmelnitsky Catholic Cemetery is a Polish cemetery, now disused, located in the town of Khmelnytskyi (formerly Proskurov).
Edward’s grave is marked with a private granite headstone raised by his brother officers.

Odessa 2nd Christian Cemetery
Private J A RABEY, 1st Battalion South Wales Borderers, who died in May 1945, is buried in Odessa 2nd Christian Cemetery.
The grave, which was originally marked by a Russian-type stone scroll, was replaced by a granite headstone in 1966.

Historical note
In 1934, the Commission decided to alternatively commemorate all the First World War burials in Ukraine, to which it had been unable to gain access. Commemoration for the casualties was transferred to Haidar Pasha Cemetery, Istanbul, Turkey, which honours those from this particular theatre of war, whose graves are unknown or could not be maintained.

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do maart 07, 2013 8:27 pm
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Bericht Re: CWGC nieuwsbrief: A-Z of countries
Nieuws uit Basra:
- http://www.telegraph.co.uk/history/brit ... royed.html

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ma nov 11, 2013 3:05 pm
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